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Line    音标拼音: [l'ɑɪn]


环境资讯连线 ENVIOL












列, 线路 LN







离线; 离线的; 线外

连线; 联线的; 线上 OL



四列直插式 QIL

四列直插式( 组件 ) QIL



线上周边同时作业; 周边同作 SPOOL

周边机连线同时操作 SPOOLING





全部连线 AOL

档案库储存联机 ARCHON

线 行 列 系列

n 1: a formation of people or things one beside another; "the
line of soldiers advanced with their bayonets fixed"; "they
were arrayed in line of battle"; "the cast stood in line
for the curtain call"
2: a mark that is long relative to its width; "He drew a line on
the chart"
3: a formation of people or things one behind another; "the line
stretched clear around the corner"; "you must wait in a long
line at the checkout counter"
4: a length (straight or curved) without breadth or thickness;
the trace of a moving point
5: text consisting of a row of words written across a page or
computer screen; "the letter consisted of three short lines";
"there are six lines in every stanza"
6: a single frequency (or very narrow band) of radiation in a
7: a fortified position (especially one marking the most forward
position of troops); "they attacked the enemy's line"
8: a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or
falsehood; the methodical process of logical reasoning; "I
can't follow your line of reasoning" [synonym: {argumentation},
{logical argument}, {argument}, {line of reasoning}, {line}]
9: a conductor for transmitting electrical or optical signals or
electric power [synonym: {cable}, {line}, {transmission line}]
10: a connected series of events or actions or developments;
"the government took a firm course"; "historians can only
point out those lines for which evidence is available" [synonym:
{course}, {line}]
11: a spatial location defined by a real or imaginary
unidimensional extent
12: a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface; "his
face has many lines"; "ironing gets rid of most wrinkles"
[synonym: {wrinkle}, {furrow}, {crease}, {crinkle}, {seam},
13: a pipe used to transport liquids or gases; "a pipeline runs
from the wells to the seaport" [synonym: {pipeline}, {line}]
14: the road consisting of railroad track and roadbed [synonym:
{line}, {railway line}, {rail line}]
15: a telephone connection [synonym: {telephone line}, {phone line},
{telephone circuit}, {subscriber line}, {line}]
16: acting in conformity; "in line with"; "he got out of line";
"toe the line"
17: the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has
been warriors" [synonym: {lineage}, {line}, {line of descent},
{descent}, {bloodline}, {blood line}, {blood}, {pedigree},
{ancestry}, {origin}, {parentage}, {stemma}, {stock}]
18: something (as a cord or rope) that is long and thin and
flexible; "a washing line"
19: the principal activity in your life that you do to earn
money; "he's not in my line of business" [synonym: {occupation},
{business}, {job}, {line of work}, {line}]
20: in games or sports; a mark indicating positions or bounds of
the playing area
21: (often plural) a means of communication or access; "it must
go through official channels"; "lines of communication were
set up between the two firms" [synonym: {channel},
{communication channel}, {line}]
22: a particular kind of product or merchandise; "a nice line of
shoes" [synonym: {line}, {product line}, {line of products},
{line of merchandise}, {business line}, {line of business}]
23: a commercial organization serving as a common carrier
24: space for one line of print (one column wide and 1/14 inch
deep) used to measure advertising [synonym: {agate line},
25: the maximum credit that a customer is allowed [synonym: {credit
line}, {line of credit}, {bank line}, {line}, {personal
credit line}, {personal line of credit}]
26: a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; "she
was humming an air from Beethoven" [synonym: {tune}, {melody},
{air}, {strain}, {melodic line}, {line}, {melodic phrase}]
27: persuasive but insincere talk that is usually intended to
deceive or impress; "`let me show you my etchings' is a
rather worn line"; "he has a smooth line but I didn't fall
for it"; "that salesman must have practiced his fast line of
28: a short personal letter; "drop me a line when you get there"
[synonym: {note}, {short letter}, {line}, {billet}]
29: a conceptual separation or distinction; "there is a narrow
line between sanity and insanity" [synonym: {line}, {dividing
line}, {demarcation}, {contrast}]
30: mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is
conveyed through sites at which successive operations are
performed on it [synonym: {production line}, {assembly line},
v 1: be in line with; form a line along; "trees line the
riverbank" [synonym: {line}, {run along}]
2: cover the interior of; "line the gloves"; "line a chimney"
3: make a mark or lines on a surface; "draw a line"; "trace the
outline of a figure in the sand" [synonym: {trace}, {draw},
{line}, {describe}, {delineate}]
4: mark with lines; "sorrow had lined his face"
5: fill plentifully; "line one's pockets"
6: reinforce with fabric; "lined books are more enduring"

Shaft \Shaft\, n. [OE. shaft, schaft, AS. sceaft; akin to D.
schacht, OHG. scaft, G. schaft, Dan. & Sw. skaft handle,
haft, Icel. skapt, and probably to L. scapus, Gr. ????, ????,
a staff. Probably originally, a shaven or smoothed rod. Cf.
{Scape}, {Scepter}, {Shave}.]
1. The slender, smooth stem of an arrow; hence, an arrow.
[1913 Webster]

His sleep, his meat, his drink, is him bereft,
That lean he wax, and dry as is a shaft. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

A shaft hath three principal parts, the stele
[stale], the feathers, and the head. --Ascham.
[1913 Webster]

2. The long handle of a spear or similar weapon; hence, the
weapon itself; (Fig.) anything regarded as a shaft to be
thrown or darted; as, shafts of light.
[1913 Webster]

And the thunder,
Winged with red lightning and impetuous rage,
Perhaps hath spent his shafts. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

Some kinds of literary pursuits . . . have been
attacked with all the shafts of ridicule. --V. Knox.
[1913 Webster]

3. That which resembles in some degree the stem or handle of
an arrow or a spear; a long, slender part, especially when
cylindrical. Specifically: (a) (Bot.) The trunk, stem, or
stalk of a plant.
(b) (Zool.) The stem or midrib of a feather. See Illust.
of {Feather}.
(c) The pole, or tongue, of a vehicle; also, a thill.
(d) The part of a candlestick which supports its branches.
[1913 Webster]

Thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold . . .
his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his
knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.
--Ex. xxv. 31.
[1913 Webster]
(e) The handle or helve of certain tools, instruments,
etc., as a hammer, a whip, etc.
(f) A pole, especially a Maypole. [Obs.] --Stow.
(g) (Arch.) The body of a column; the cylindrical pillar
between the capital and base (see Illust. of
{Column}). Also, the part of a chimney above the roof.
Also, the spire of a steeple. [Obs. or R.] --Gwilt.
(h) A column, an obelisk, or other spire-shaped or
columnar monument.
[1913 Webster]

Bid time and nature gently spare
The shaft we raise to thee. --Emerson.
[1913 Webster]
(i) (Weaving) A rod at the end of a heddle.
(j) (Mach.) A solid or hollow cylinder or bar, having one
or more journals on which it rests and revolves, and
intended to carry one or more wheels or other
revolving parts and to transmit power or motion; as,
the shaft of a steam engine. See Illust. of
[1913 Webster]

4. (Zool.) A humming bird ({Thaumastura cora}) having two of
the tail feathers next to the middle ones very long in the
male; -- called also {cora humming bird}.
[1913 Webster]

5. [Cf. G. schacht.] (Mining) A well-like excavation in the
earth, perpendicular or nearly so, made for reaching and
raising ore, for raising water, etc.
[1913 Webster]

6. A long passage for the admission or outlet of air; an air
[1913 Webster]

7. The chamber of a blast furnace.
[1913 Webster]

{Line shaft} (Mach.), a main shaft of considerable length, in
a shop or factory, usually bearing a number of pulleys by
which machines are driven, commonly by means of
countershafts; -- called also {line}, or {main line}.

{Shaft alley} (Naut.), a passage extending from the engine
room to the stern, and containing the propeller shaft.

{Shaft furnace} (Metal.), a furnace, in the form of a
chimney, which is charged at the top and tapped at the
[1913 Webster]

Line \Line\, n. [OE. line, AS. l[imac]ne cable, hawser, prob.
from L. linea a linen thread, string, line, fr. linum flax,
thread, linen, cable; but the English word was influenced by
F. ligne line, from the same L. word linea. See {Linen}.]
1. A linen thread or string; a slender, strong cord; also, a
cord of any thickness; a rope; a hawser; as, a fishing
line; a line for snaring birds; a clothesline; a towline.
[1913 Webster]

Who so layeth lines for to latch fowls. --Piers
[1913 Webster]

2. A more or less threadlike mark of pen, pencil, or graver;
any long mark; as, a chalk line.
[1913 Webster]

3. The course followed by anything in motion; hence, a road
or route; as, the arrow descended in a curved line; the
place is remote from lines of travel.
[1913 Webster]

4. Direction; as, the line of sight or vision.
[1913 Webster]

5. A row of letters, words, etc., written or printed; esp., a
row of words extending across a page or column.
[1913 Webster]

6. A short letter; a note; as, a line from a friend.
[1913 Webster]

7. (Poet.) A verse, or the words which form a certain number
of feet, according to the measure.
[1913 Webster]

In the preceding line Ulysses speaks of Nausicaa.
[1913 Webster]

8. Course of conduct, thought, occupation, or policy; method
of argument; department of industry, trade, or
intellectual activity.
[1913 Webster]

He is uncommonly powerful in his own line, but it is
not the line of a first-rate man. --Coleridge.
[1913 Webster]

9. (Math.) That which has length, but not breadth or
[1913 Webster]

10. The exterior limit of a figure, plat, or territory;
boundary; contour; outline.
[1913 Webster]

Eden stretched her line
From Auran eastward to the royal towers
Of great Seleucia. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

11. A threadlike crease marking the face or the hand; hence,
characteristic mark.
[1913 Webster]

Though on his brow were graven lines austere.
[1913 Webster]

He tipples palmistry, and dines
On all her fortune-telling lines. --Cleveland.
[1913 Webster]

12. Lineament; feature; figure. "The lines of my boy's face."
[1913 Webster]

13. A straight row; a continued series or rank; as, a line of
houses, or of soldiers; a line of barriers.
[1913 Webster]

Unite thy forces and attack their lines. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

14. A series or succession of ancestors or descendants of a
given person; a family or race; as, the ascending or
descending line; the line of descent; the male line; a
line of kings.
[1913 Webster]

Of his lineage am I, and his offspring
By very line, as of the stock real. --Chaucer.
[1913 Webster]

15. A connected series of public conveyances, and hence, an
established arrangement for forwarding merchandise, etc.;
as, a line of stages; an express line.
[1913 Webster]

16. (Geog.)
(a) A circle of latitude or of longitude, as represented
on a map.
(b) The equator; -- usually called the line, or
equinoctial line; as, to cross the line.
[1913 Webster]

17. A long tape, or a narrow ribbon of steel, etc., marked
with subdivisions, as feet and inches, for measuring; a
[1913 Webster]

18. (Script.)
(a) A measuring line or cord.
[1913 Webster]

He marketh it out with a line. --Is. xliv.
(b) That which was measured by a line, as a field or any
piece of land set apart; hence, allotted place of
[1913 Webster]

The lines are fallen unto me in pleasant
places; yea, I have a goodly heritage. --Ps.
xvi. 6.
(c) Instruction; doctrine.
[1913 Webster]

Their line is gone out through all the earth.
--Ps. xix. 4.
[1913 Webster]

19. (Mach.) The proper relative position or adjustment of
parts, not as to design or proportion, but with reference
to smooth working; as, the engine is in line or out of
[1913 Webster]

20. The track and roadbed of a railway; railroad.
[1913 Webster]

21. (Mil.)
(a) A row of men who are abreast of one another, whether
side by side or some distance apart; -- opposed to
(b) The regular infantry of an army, as distinguished
from militia, guards, volunteer corps, cavalry,
artillery, etc.
[1913 Webster]

22. (Fort.)
(a) A trench or rampart.
(b) pl. Dispositions made to cover extended positions,
and presenting a front in but one direction to an
[1913 Webster]

23. pl. (Shipbuilding) Form of a vessel as shown by the
outlines of vertical, horizontal, and oblique sections.
[1913 Webster]

24. (Mus.) One of the straight horizontal and parallel
prolonged strokes on and between which the notes are
[1913 Webster]

25. (Stock Exchange) A number of shares taken by a jobber.
[1913 Webster]

26. (Trade) A series of various qualities and values of the
same general class of articles; as, a full line of
hosiery; a line of merinos, etc. --McElrath.
[1913 Webster]

27. The wire connecting one telegraphic station with another,
or the whole of a system of telegraph wires under one
management and name.
[1913 Webster]

28. pl. The reins with which a horse is guided by his driver.
[U. S.]
[1913 Webster]

29. A measure of length; one twelfth of an inch.
[1913 Webster]

{Hard lines}, hard lot. --C. Kingsley. [See Def. 18.]

{Line breeding} (Stockbreeding), breeding by a certain family
line of descent, especially in the selection of the dam or

{Line conch} (Zool.), a spiral marine shell ({Fasciolaria
distans}), of Florida and the West Indies. It is marked by
narrow, dark, revolving lines.

{Line engraving}.
(a) Engraving in which the effects are produced by lines
of different width and closeness, cut with the burin
upon copper or similar material; also, a plate so
(b) A picture produced by printing from such an

{Line of battle}.
(a) (Mil. Tactics) The position of troops drawn up in
their usual order without any determined maneuver.
(b) (Naval) The line or arrangement formed by vessels of
war in an engagement.

{Line of battle ship}. See {Ship of the line}, below.

{Line of beauty} (Fine Arts),an abstract line supposed to be
beautiful in itself and absolutely; -- differently
represented by different authors, often as a kind of
elongated S (like the one drawn by Hogarth).

{Line of centers}. (Mach.)
(a) A line joining two centers, or fulcra, as of wheels
or levers.
(b) A line which determines a dead center. See {Dead
center}, under {Dead}.

{Line of dip} (Geol.), a line in the plane of a stratum, or
part of a stratum, perpendicular to its intersection with
a horizontal plane; the line of greatest inclination of a
stratum to the horizon.

{Line of fire} (Mil.), the direction of fire.

{Line of force} (Physics), any line in a space in which
forces are acting, so drawn that at every point of the
line its tangent is the direction of the resultant of all
the forces. It cuts at right angles every equipotential
surface which it meets. Specifically (Magnetism), a line
in proximity to a magnet so drawn that any point in it is
tangential with the direction of a short compass needle
held at that point. --Faraday.

{Line of life} (Palmistry), a line on the inside of the hand,
curving about the base of the thumb, supposed to indicate,
by its form or position, the length of a person's life.

{Line of lines}. See {Gunter's line}.

{Line of march}. (Mil.)
(a) Arrangement of troops for marching.
(b) Course or direction taken by an army or body of
troops in marching.

{Line of operations}, that portion of a theater of war which
an army passes over in attaining its object. --H. W.

{Line of sight} (Firearms), the line which passes through the
front and rear sight, at any elevation, when they are
sighted at an object.

{Line tub} (Naut.), a tub in which the line carried by a
whaleboat is coiled.

{Mason and Dixon's line}, {Mason-Dixon line}, the boundary
line between Pennsylvania and Maryland, as run before the
Revolution (1764-1767) by two English astronomers named
Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon. In an extended sense,
the line between the free and the slave States; as, below
the Mason-Dixon line, i.e. in the South.

{On the line},
(a) on a level with the eye of the spectator; -- said of
a picture, as hung in an exhibition of pictures.
(b) at risk (dependent upon success) in a contest or
enterprise; as, the survival of the company is on the
line in this project.

{Right line}, a straight line; the shortest line that can be
drawn between two points.

{Ship of the line}, formerly, a ship of war large enough to
have a place in the line of battle; a vessel superior to a
frigate; usually, a seventy-four, or three-decker; --
called also {line of battle ship} or {battleship}.

{To cross the line}, to cross the equator, as a vessel at

{To give a person line}, to allow him more or less liberty
until it is convenient to stop or check him, like a hooked
fish that swims away with the line.

{Water line} (Shipbuilding), the outline of a horizontal
section of a vessel, as when floating in the water.
[1913 Webster]

Line \Line\ (l[imac]n), n. [OE. lin. See {Linen}.]
1. Flax; linen. [Obs.] "Garments made of line." --Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

2. The longer and finer fiber of flax.
[1913 Webster]

Line \Line\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Lined} (l[imac]nd); p. pr. &
vb. n. {Lining}.] [See {Line} flax.]
1. To cover the inner surface of; as, to line a cloak with
silk or fur; to line a box with paper or tin.
[1913 Webster]

The inside lined with rich carnation silk. --W.
[1913 Webster]

2. To put something in the inside of; to fill; to supply, as
a purse with money.
[1913 Webster]

The charge amounteth very high for any one man's
purse, except lined beyond ordinary, to reach unto.
[1913 Webster]

Till coffee has her stomach lined. --Swift.
[1913 Webster]

3. To place persons or things along the side of for security
or defense; to strengthen by adding anything; to fortify;
as, to line works with soldiers.
[1913 Webster]

Line and new repair our towns of war
With men of courage and with means defendant.
[1913 Webster]

4. To impregnate; -- applied to brute animals. --Creech.
[1913 Webster]

{Lined gold}, gold foil having a lining of another metal.
[1913 Webster]

Line \Line\ (l[imac]n), v. t.
1. To mark with a line or lines; to cover with lines; as, to
line a copy book.
[1913 Webster]

He had a healthy color in his cheeks, and his face,
though lined, bore few traces of anxiety. --Dickens.
[1913 Webster]

2. To represent by lines; to delineate; to portray. [R.]
"Pictures fairest lined." --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

3. To read or repeat line by line; as, to line out a hymn.
[1913 Webster]

This custom of reading or lining, or, as it was
frequently called "deaconing" the hymn or psalm in
the churches, was brought about partly from
necessity. --N. D. Gould.
[1913 Webster]

4. To form into a line; to align; as, to line troops.
[1913 Webster]

{To line bees}, to track wild bees to their nest by following
their line of flight.

{To line up} (Mach.), to put in alignment; to put in correct
adjustment for smooth running. See 3d {Line}, 19.
[1913 Webster]

986 Moby Thesaurus words for "line":
DMZ, Indian file, L, MO, Spenserian stanza, WATS, WATS line,
Zeitgeist, abut, accommodation, accompaniment, accord, accordance,
aceldama, acknowledgment, acquiescence, acquire, action, activity,
adaptation, adaption, adjoin, adjustment, advance guard,
affiliation, aftermath, agreement, aim, air, air lane, airhead,
algorithm, align, aligned, allocate, allot, alto, anagnorisis,
ancestry, angle, animal kingdom, answer, antistrophe,
apparentation, apportion, approach, architectonics, architecture,
area, argosy, argument, aria, arrange, arrange for, arrangement,
array, art, articulation, assemble, assortment, atmosphere, attack,
autarky, autolithograph, avant-garde, azimuth, background, bag,
balance, band, bank, bar, bar line, baritone, bass, basso continuo,
basso ostinato, bassus, battle line, battle site, battlefield,
battleground, be a printmaker, beachhead, bearing, beat, befringe,
belt, bent, billet, bimetallism, bind, birth, blarney, blaze,
blaze a trail, blemish, block in, block out, blood, bloodline,
blotch, book, border, border line, borderline, bottoms, bound,
boundary, boundary condition, boundary line, bourn, brace, braid,
brail, branch, brand, break boundary, breakoff point, breed,
bridgehead, brief, brood, brushwork, burden, burr, business,
business letter, butt, buzz, cable, cable railway, calling, canto,
cantus, cantus figuratus, cantus planus, caravan, card, career,
career building, careerism, carve, cast, catalog goods,
catastrophe, catena, catenation, cavalcade, ceil, ceiling, chain,
chain reaction, chaining, chalk, chalk out, chalk up, character,
characterization, check, check off, chisel, chiseling, chit,
chorus, cicatrize, circuit, circumscription, clan, class, clue,
co-ax, coaxial cable, cog railway, collocate, color, column,
combat area, combat zone, coming after, commodities,
common ancestry, communicate, communication, compass, compliance,
complication, compose, composition, con, concatenation,
concentric cable, conclusion, condensation trail, confine,
conformance, conformation other-direction, conformity, congruity,
connection, consanguinity, consecution, consecutiveness,
consequence, consistency, consumer goods, consumer items,
continuation, continuity, continuo, continuum, contour,
contract for, contrail, contralto, contrivance, conventionality,
coordinate, cord, correspondence, cortege, couplet, course, cover,
craft, crease, creed, cribble, crinkle, crocodile, cross-hatching,
crosshatch, cup of tea, current, cut, cutoff, cutoff point, cycle,
dapple, dash, data, deadline, deal, deal out, define, degree,
delimit, delimitation, delineate, delineation, demarcate,
demarcation, deme, demitint, denomination, denouement, derivation,
descant, descendant, descent, description, design, designation,
determinant, develop, development, device, diagonal, dig up,
direct line, direction, direction line, discolor, dispatch,
dispose, distaff side, distich, distribute, division line, dot,
dotted line, draft, draftsmanship, dress parade, drift, drone,
dynasty, echelon, economic self-sufficiency, edge, edging, effect,
effects, el, electric railway, elevated, elevated railway,
embankment, employ, employment, enchase, end, endless belt,
endless round, enemy line, enframe, engage, engrave, engravement,
engraving, envoi, episode, epistle, epode, etch, etching,
extension, extraction, extremity, fable, face, falling action,
family, farthest outpost, fashion, favor, feather, feeder,
feeder line, female line, field, field of battle, field of blood,
figuration, figure, figured bass, filament, file, filiation, fill,
finish, firing line, first line, fix, fleck, fleet, flexibility,
flight path, floor, flotilla, flyover, folk, following, forefront,
form, form a line, formation, formulate, forte, frame, freckle,
free enterprise, free trade, fringe, front, front line, front rank,
front-runner, frontier, funeral, fur, furrow, game, gamut, gash,
gem-engraving, genealogy, genre, gens, genus, get hold of,
get in line, gimmick, glacial movement, glass-cutting, glyptic,
goods, goods for sale, governmentalism, gradation, graft, grain,
grave, graving, gravity-operated railway, groove, ground bass,
grouping, guiding principles, guise, hachure, hairline, half tint,
handicraft, harmony, hatch, hatching, hawser, heading, hedge, heir,
helmsmanship, hem, heptastich, heritage, hexastich,
high-water mark, hint, hire, horse railway, house, hum, ilk,
impress, imprint, in a row, in accord, in agreement, in control,
in harmony, in line, in step, incident, incise, incision,
inclination, information, inlay, inscribe, inscript, inscription,
interface, interline, inventory, itinerary, job, job lot, join,
junction, keeping, kidney, killing ground, kin, kind, label,
laissez-faire, laissez-faireism, landing beach, lap, lay, lead,
ledger line, letter, lie, lifework, ligament, ligation, ligature,
light railroad, limen, limit, limitation, limiting factor,
line of action, line of battle, line of business,
line of demarcation, line of descent, line of direction,
line of goods, line of march, line of work, line up, lineage,
lineation, lined up, lines, lining, list, lithograph, load,
local color, localism, logical sequence, long suit, lot,
low-water mark, lower limit, mail-order goods, main current,
main interest, main line, mainstream, make, make a mark,
make prints, male line, malleability, managed currency, manner,
manner of working, march, march past, marge, margin, marginate,
mark, mark off, mark out, marking, marshal, matriclan, means,
measure, melodia, melodic line, melody, merchandise,
merchant fleet, merchant navy, message, mete, method, methodology,
metier, metro, mission, missive, mode, mode of operation,
mode of procedure, modus operandi, mold, monorail, monostich,
monotone, mood, motif, motion, motorcade, mottle, movement,
mule train, mystery, mythos, nation, nature, navigation, navy,
neighbor, nexus, nick, noninterference, nonintervention, notch,
note, nullification, number, obedience, oblique, observance,
obtain, occupation, octastich, octave, octet, offerings, offspring,
orbit, order, order of succession, ordinate, organize, orientation,
orthodoxy, ottava rima, outguard, outline, outpost, pack,
pack train, pad, painterliness, parade, parcel out, parentage,
part, party line, party principle, passage, path, patriclan,
pencil, pendulum, pentastich, people, pepper, periodicity,
peripeteia, perspective, persuasion, pet subject, phratry, phyle,
phylum, piloting, pioneer, piste, pitch, place, plain chant,
plain song, plan, plan of action, planned economy, plant kingdom,
platform, plenum, pliancy, plot, plumb, point, policy, polity,
pomp, position, position paper, postcard, posteriority, posterity,
postposition, powder train, practice, precursor, prepare,
price supports, prick, prick song, primrose path, principles,
print, private line, procedure, proceeding, process, procession,
profession, profile, program, progression, prolongation, promenade,
protection, protectionism, public policy, pump-priming, punch,
punctuate, puncture, purfle, purl, pursuit, put in place, quarter,
quatrain, queue, queue up, race, rack railway,
rack-and-pinion railway, racket, rail, rail line, railhead,
railroad, railway, rally, range, rank, ready, ready for,
recognition, reconcilement, reconciliation, recurrence, refrain,
regiment, reply, rescript, reticulation, review, rhyme royal,
riddle, rim, rising action, road, roadbed, roadway, role, rope,
rotation, rough in, rough out, round, route, routine, row, rule,
run, sales pitch, scale, scar, scarify, scent, scheme, score,
scoring, scotch, scout, scrape, scratch, scratching, script,
sculpture, sea lane, seal, seam, seat of war, secondary plot,
sectionalism, secure, seed, sell out, separatrix, sept, septet,
sequel, sequence, series, sestet, set, set off, set out, set up,
sextet, shading, shadow, shambles, shape, shipping, ships,
shortcut, side, sideline, sides, sidetrack, siding, sign up, signs,
silhouette, single file, sketch, skimmington, skirt, slant, slash,
slashing, solidus, solo, solo part, song, song and dance, soprano,
soprano part, sort, space, spear side, spearhead, specialism,
speciality, specialization, specialty, species, speck, speckle,
spectrum, speech, spiel, spindle side, splotch, spoor, spot,
spun yarn, staff, stain, stamp, stanza, staples, start,
starting line, starting point, stave, steerage, steering, stem,
stigmatize, stipple, stippling, stirps, stock, stock-in-trade,
story, straight, straighten, strain, strand, strategy, streak,
streaking, stream, street railway, streetcar line, striate,
striation, strictness, string, string out, strip, stripe, striping,
stroke, strong point, strophe, structure, stuff, style, subject,
subjunction, sublineation, subplot, subway, succession,
successiveness, successor, suffixation, swath, swing, switch,
switchback, sword side, syllable, system, tack, tactics, tailback,
target date, tattoo, technicality, technique, telegraph cable,
telegraph line, telephone, telephone line, tendency, tendon, tenor,
tercet, term, terminal, terminal date, terminus, terza rima,
tetrastich, the drill, the front, the general tendency, the how,
the like of, the likes of, the main course, the way of, theater,
theater of operations, theater of war, thematic development, theme,
thing, thong, thorough bass, thread, threshold, tick, tick off,
tier, time allotment, time spirit, tint, tone, tonnage, tool,
tooling, topic, totem, touch, tour, trace, traces, track, trade,
trail, train, traject, trajectory, trajet, tram, tramline,
treatment, treble, trend, trestle, tribe, trim, triplet, tristich,
trolley line, true, trunk, trunk line, tube, tune, turnout, twine,
twist, type, type-cutting, uncover, under control, underground,
underline, underlining, underscore, underscoring, undersong,
uniformity, up for, upper limit, values, van, vanguard,
vapor trail, variety, vendibles, verge, verse, virgule, vocation,
voice part, wad, wainscot, wake, walk, walk of life, wares, way,
weakness, whaling fleet, windrow, wire, wire line, wise, word,
words, work, wrinkle, yarn, zone of communications

1. An electrical conductor. For distances larger
than a breadbox, a single line may consist of two electrical
conductors in twisted, parallel, or concentric arrangement
used to transport one logical signal.

By extension, a (usually physical) medium such as an {optical
fibre} which carries a signal.


LINE, descents. The series of persons who have descended from a common
ancestor, placed one under the other, in the order of their birth. It
connects successively all the relations by blood to each other. Vide
Consanguinity; Degree.

s � �� 6. Tritavus, Tritavia.
c � �� 5. Atavus, Atavia.
e � �� 4. Abavus, Abavia.
nGreat grand- � �
d Ĵ father, great �� �� 3. Proavus, Proavia.
igrandmother, � �
n � �
gGrand father, � �
� � grandmother �� �� 2. Avus, Avia.
l � �
iFather, mother �� 1. Pater, Mater.
n � �
e � �
EGO. �� EGO.
D � �
e � �
sSon. �� 1. Filius.
cGrandson �� 2. Nepos, Nepti.
eGreat Grandson. �� 3. Pronepos, Proneptis.
n � �� 4. Abnepos, Abneptis.
d � �� 5. Adnepos, Adneptis.
i � �� 6. Trinepos, Trineptis.
� �

2. The line is either direct or collateral. The direct line is composed
of all the persons who are descended from each other. If, in the direct
line, any one person is assumed the propositus, in order to count from him
upwards and downwards, the line will be divided into two parts, the
ascending and descending lines. The ascending line is that, which counting
from the propositus, ascends to his ancestors, to his father, grandfather,
great-grandfather, &c. The descending line, is that which, counting from the
same person, descends to his children, grandchildren, great-grand-children,
&c. The preceding table is an example.
3. The collateral line considered by itself, and in relation to the
common ancestor, is a direct line; it becomes collateral when placed along
side of another line below the common ancestor, in whom both lines unite for

Common ancestor.
� �
o o
� �
o o
Direct � � Collateral
line. o o line.
� �
o o
� �
o o
� �
O o

4. These two lines are independent of each other; they have no
connexion, except by their union in the person of the common ancestor. This
reunion is what forms the relation among the persons composing the two
5. A line is also paternal or maternal. In the examination of a
person's ascending line, the line ascends first to his father, next to his
paternal grandfather, his paternal great-grandfather, &c. so on from father
to father; this is called the paternal line. Another line will be found to
ascend from the same person to his mother, his maternal grandmother, and so
from mother to mother; this is the maternal line. These lines, however, do
not take in all the ascendants, there are many others who must be imagined.
The number of ascendants is double at each degree, as is shown by the
following table:

������ o

� �
� ������ o

� �
F � � ������ o
a � � �
t � ������o���Ĵ
h � �
e � ������ o
� �
PO � ������ o
at � �
th � ������o���Ĵ
ee � � �
rr � � ������ o
n � � �
aL ������Ĵ
n � ������ o
Le � �
i � ������o���Ĵ
n � �
e � ������ o

Ego. O����Ĵ

M � ������ o
a � �
t � ������o���Ĵ
e � � �
rO � ������ o
ah �����Ĵ
le � �
r � � ������ o
l � � � �
il � ������o���Ĵ
ni � �
en � ������ o

M � ������ o
o � �
t � ������o���Ĵ
h � � �
e � � ������ o
r � �

� ������ o
� �

������ o

Vide 2 Bl. Com. 200, b. 2, c. 14; Poth. Des Successions, ch. 1, art. 3,
Sec. 2; and article Ascendants.

LINE, measures. A line is a lineal measure containing the one twelfth part
of a on inch.

LINE, estates. The division between two estates. Limit; border; boundary.
2. When a line is mentioned in a deed as ending at a particular
monument, (q.v.) it is to be extended in the direction called for, without
regard to distance, until it reach the boundary. 1 Taylor, 110, 303 2 Hawks,
219; 3 Hawks, 21; 2 Taylor, 1. And a marked line is to be adhered to
although it depart from the course. 7 Wheat. 7; 2 Overt. 304; 3 Call, 239; 7
Monr. 333; 2 Bibb, 261; 4 Bibb, 503; 4 Monr. 29; see further, 2 Dana, 2; 6
Wend. 467; 1 Bibb, 466; 1 Marsh. 382; 3 Marsh. 382; 3 Murph. 82; 13 Pick.
145; 13 Wend. 300; 5 J. J. Marsh. 587.
3. Where a number of persons settle simultaneously or at short
intervals in the same neighborhood, and their tracts, if extended in certain
directions, would overlap each other, the settlers sometimes by agreement
determine upon dividing lines, which are called consentible lines. These
lines, when fairly agreed upon, have been sanctioned by the courts; and such
agreements are conclusive upon all persons claiming under the parties to
them with notice, but not upon bona fide purchasers for a valuable
consideration without notice, actual or constructive. 5 S. & R. 273; 9 W. &
S. 66; 3 S & R. 323; 5 Binn. 129; 10 Watts, 324; 17 S. &. R. 57; Jones, L.
0. T.
4. Lines fixed by compact between nations are binding on their citizens
and subjects. 11 Pet. 209; 1 Overt. 269; 1 Ves. sen., Rep. 450; 1 Atk. R. 2;
1 Ch. Cas. 85; 1 P. Wms. 723727; 2 Atk. R. 592; 1 Vern. 48; 1 Ves. 19; 2
Ves. 284; 3 S. & R. 331.

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