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system    音标拼音: [s'ɪstəm]
n. 系统,体系,体制,制度;组织,装置,方法,秩序







系统 制 制度

n 1: instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting
artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity; "he bought
a new stereo system"; "the system consists of a motor and a
small computer"
2: a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a
unified whole; "a vast system of production and distribution
and consumption keep the country going" [synonym: {system},
3: (physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances
in different phases are in equilibrium; "in a static system
oil cannot be replaced by water on a surface"; "a system
generating hydrogen peroxide"
4: a complex of methods or rules governing behavior; "they have
to operate under a system they oppose"; "that language has a
complex system for indicating gender" [synonym: {system}, {system
of rules}]
5: an organized structure for arranging or classifying; "he
changed the arrangement of the topics"; "the facts were
familiar but it was in the organization of them that he was
original"; "he tried to understand their system of
classification" [synonym: {arrangement}, {organization},
{organisation}, {system}]
6: a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or
parts; "the body has a system of organs for digestion"
7: a procedure or process for obtaining an objective; "they had
to devise a system that did not depend on cooperation"
8: the living body considered as made up of interdependent
components forming a unified whole; "exercise helped him get
the alcohol out of his system"
9: an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical
and well organized; "his compulsive organization was not an
endearing quality"; "we can't do it unless we establish some
system around here" [synonym: {organization}, {organisation},

System \Sys"tem\, n. [L. systema, Gr. ?, fr. ? to place
together; sy`n with ? to place: cf. F. syst[`e]me. See
1. An assemblage of objects arranged in regular
subordination, or after some distinct method, usually
logical or scientific; a complete whole of objects related
by some common law, principle, or end; a complete
exhibition of essential principles or facts, arranged in a
rational dependence or connection; a regular union of
principles or parts forming one entire thing; as, a system
of philosophy; a system of government; a system of
divinity; a system of botany or chemistry; a military
system; the solar system.
[1913 Webster]

The best way to learn any science, is to begin with
a regular system, or a short and plain scheme of
that science well drawn up into a narrow compass.
--I. Watts.
[1913 Webster]

2. Hence, the whole scheme of created things regarded as
forming one complete plan of whole; the universe. "The
great system of the world." --Boyle.
[1913 Webster]

3. Regular method or order; formal arrangement; plan; as, to
have a system in one's business.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Mus.) The collection of staves which form a full score.
See {Score}, n.
[1913 Webster]

5. (Biol.) An assemblage of parts or organs, either in animal
or plant, essential to the performance of some particular
function or functions which as a rule are of greater
complexity than those manifested by a single organ; as,
the capillary system, the muscular system, the digestive
system, etc.; hence, the whole body as a functional unity.
[1913 Webster]

6. (Zool.) One of the stellate or irregular clusters of
intimately united zooids which are imbedded in, or
scattered over, the surface of the common tissue of many
compound ascidians.
[1913 Webster]

{Block system}, {Conservative system}, etc. See under
{Block}, {Conservative}, etc.
[1913 Webster] Systematic

227 Moby Thesaurus words for "system":
Anschauung, Copernican universe, Einsteinian universe, MO,
Newtonian universe, Ptolemaic universe, aggregation, algorithm,
all, all being, all creation, allness, anality, angle,
angle of vision, apple-pie order, approach, arrangement, array,
attack, basis, blueprint, blueprinting, body-build, brand,
calculation, cast, character, characteristic, characteristics,
charting, combination, complex, complexion, composition,
conception, concord, constituents, constitution, contrivance,
cosmos, course, crasis, created nature, created universe, creation,
deployment, design, device, dharma, diathesis, discipline,
disposal, disposition, enterprise, entity, envisagement, ethos,
everything that is, expanding universe, eye, fashion, fiber,
figuring, fine fettle, footing, foresight, forethought, form,
formation, frame, frame of reference, framework, game, genius,
good condition, good shape, good trim, grain, graphing,
ground plan, group, guidelines, guise, habit, harmony, hue, humor,
humors, idea, ilk, integral, integrate, intention, kind, layout,
light, line, line of action, lines, lineup, long-range plan,
macrocosm, macrocosmos, makeup, manner, manner of working, mapping,
marshaling, master plan, means, megacosm, mental outlook, mesh,
metagalaxy, method, methodicalness, methodology, mode,
mode of operation, mode of procedure, modus, modus operandi, mold,
nature, neatness, network, omneity, operations research, order,
orderliness, organization, outlook, pattern, peace, physique,
place, plan, planning, planning function, plenum, point of view,
position, practice, prearrangement, procedure, proceeding, process,
program, program of action, property, proportion,
pulsating universe, quality, quiet, quietude, rationalization,
reference system, regard, regularity, respect, routine, schedule,
schema, schematism, schematization, scheme, scheme of arrangement,
set, set-up, setup, side, sidereal universe, sight, situation,
slant, somatotype, sort, spirit, stamp, stand, standpoint,
steady-state universe, strategic plan, strategy, streak, stripe,
structure, style, suchness, sum, sum of things, symmetry,
systematicness, systematization, tack, tactical plan, tactics,
technique, temper, temperament, tendency, tenor, the big picture,
the drill, the how, the picture, the way of, tidiness, tone,
totality, totality of being, tranquillity, trimness, type,
uniformity, universe, vein, view, viewpoint, way, whole wide world,
wide world, wise, working plan, world, world without end

1. The {supervisor} program or {operating system} on a

2. The entire computer system, including input/output devices,
the {supervisor} program or {operating system} and possibly
other {software}.

3. Any large program.

4. Any method or {algorithm}.

[{Jargon File}]




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