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funeral    音标拼音: [fj'unɚəl]
n. 丧葬,葬礼
a. 丧葬的,出殡的

丧葬,葬礼丧葬的,出殡的

funeral
n 1: a ceremony at which a dead person is buried or cremated;
"hundreds of people attended his funeral"

Funeral \Fu"ner*al\ (f[=u]"n[~e]r*al), n. [LL. funeralia, prop.
neut. pl. of funeralis of a funeral, fr. L. funus, funeris,
funeral: cf. F. fun['e]railles.]
1. The solemn rites used in the disposition of a dead human
body, whether such disposition be by interment, burning,
or otherwise; esp., the ceremony or solemnization of
interment; obsequies; burial; -- formerly used in the
plural.
[1913 Webster]

King James his funerals were performed very solemnly
in the collegiate church at Westminster. --Euller.
[1913 Webster]

2. The procession attending the burial of the dead; the show
and accompaniments of an interment. "The long funerals."
--Pope.
[1913 Webster]

3. A funeral sermon; -- usually in the plural. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

Mr. Giles Lawrence preached his funerals. --South.
[1913 Webster]


Funeral \Fu"ner*al\, a. [LL. funeralis. See {Funeral}, n.]
Pertaining to a funeral; used at the interment of the dead;
as, funeral rites, honors, or ceremonies. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

{Funeral pile} or {Funeral pyre}, a structure of combustible
material, upon which a dead body is placed to be reduced
to ashes, as part of a funeral rite; a pyre. --
{Fu"ner*al*ly}, adv. [Obs.] --Sir T. Browne.
[1913 Webster]

54 Moby Thesaurus words for "funeral":
burial, burial at sea, burying, caravan, cavalcade, cinerary,
column, cortege, cremation, dead march, deep six, dirge, dirgelike,
dismal, dress parade, entombment, epitaphic, exequial, exequies,
feral, flyover, funebrial, funebrious, funebrous,
funeral procession, funerary, funereal, inhumation, interment,
last post, line, march past, mortuary, motorcade, mournful,
muffled drum, mule train, necrological, obituary, obsequial,
obsequies, pack train, parade, pomp, procession, promenade, review,
sepulchral, sepulture, skimmington, stream, string, taps, train

Funeral
Burying was among the Jews the only mode of disposing of corpses
(Gen. 23:19; 25:9; 35:8, 9, etc.).

The first traces of burning the dead are found in 1 Sam.
31:12. The burning of the body was affixed by the law of Moses
as a penalty to certain crimes (Lev. 20:14; 21:9).

To leave the dead unburied was regarded with horror (1 Kings
13:22; 14:11; 16:4; 21:24, etc.).

In the earliest times of which we have record kinsmen carried
their dead to the grave (Gen. 25:9; 35:29; Judg. 16:31), but in
later times this was done by others (Amos 6:16).

Immediately after decease the body was washed, and then
wrapped in a large cloth (Acts 9:37; Matt. 27:59; Mark 15:46).
In the case of persons of distinction, aromatics were laid on
the folds of the cloth (John 19:39; comp. John 12:7).

As a rule the burial (q.v.) took place on the very day of the
death (Acts 5:6, 10), and the body was removed to the grave in
an open coffin or on a bier (Luke 7:14). After the burial a
funeral meal was usually given (2 Sam. 3:35; Jer. 16:5, 7; Hos.
9:4).


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